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FREE online courses on Environmental management system - Environmental Management System




Certain environmental issues have been discussed in the earlier chapters and other issues are being take up in the subsequent chapters. These issues are too important to remain at a level of academic thinking or discussion. We have described that growing recognition about environmental issues now exists at every level in public, governments and corporate organizations. We have seen new environmental legislation being passed and implemented, though not satisfactorily. All this came about as a consequence of forces arising out of political, social, health, economic, cultural scientific and other such factors. The environmental problems, both at global and national levels have brought a new awakening, awareness, concerns and even anxieties. These problems have already affected the living conditions of many people, specially those living in developing countries and in due course will affect developed countries.


The environment provides services as well as physical habitat to live and if the habitat is damaged, how could life remain normal. The environment provides resources which are used for producing goods and services chiefly by industrial sector. Some of the resources are not renewable and those which are renewable do not get renewed at the same pace as they are consumed. We have also seen that production processes result in producing not only the desired products but also the wastes. How are wastes going to be managed?


It has therefore become imperative that resource conservation and environmental protection must now become a part of overall management and Environmental Management System (EMS) be adopted as a strategy for meeting the expectations of the society as well as for sustainable growth. Not only this but EMS must take cognizance of nature, not infinite but nature finite. The nature has been providing sustenance and protection to living creatures including human but now nature is in need for protection from human. EMS must take into consideration the fact that world is now moving towards innovations in technology which often denies legitimacy of environmental themes. To bring these under the ambit of environmental considerations, the structure of organizations will need to be changed to understand the ecological reality.


In summary, it is fair to say that we have only begun to adopt EMS in a responsible way both in national and global perspectives. It is our hope that our relationship with nature and its resources would be perceived at every level, especially political and corporate, with a sense of urgency and acute sensitivity.


Till 1970's the slogan was “limit to growth” which means environmental management to “aim at resource conservation at local, community or national level”. During 1980's and 1990's the situation changed. The environmental issues became global, though they originate at local or national level. Added to this, is the belief that with new technology, free trade and product innovation, environmental protection and regeneration of ecosystem is possible. According to this school of thought environmental and resource management is more a problem of efficiency in energy use, substitution of nonrenewable or recycling technology. In this way more could be produced. But the question is whether more production is achieved without increase in raw materials or resource base. If the resource base/raw material is finite, can we increase production?



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